The first chamber of the Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation (SCJN) unanimously and without discussion denied the protection of four transnational companies against the judicial decision that prevents them from planting transgenic corn in Mexico for commercial purposes.
The lawsuit was filed by the companies Monsanto, Syngenta Agro, PHI México and Dow Agrosciences de México to combat a court decision taken in 2016.
The companies claimed the arbitrariness of the Judiciary by establishing precautionary measures in favor of a civil society group, which affects the principle of legal certainty, according to their point of view.
In the excerpt from the draft judgment, Minister Norma Lucía Piña argued that the authorities have powers that must be properly founded and motivated, which implies the prohibition of arbitrariness together with the observance of the principle of responsibility for the actions of the public power.
In the lawsuit, the Collectivity of Holders of the Human Right to a Healthy Environment for the Development and Well-being of All Persons was identified as an interested third party, which in this matter was represented by Adelita San Vicente Tello.
The Maíz Collective lawsuit described the decision as historic because it ratifies the precautionary measure that has protected the country’s native corn.
The agribusiness is involved in another legal and political battle that has to do with the possibility of importing and using glyphosate, a chemical considered to be a possible cause of human diseases and effects on the environment.
On this issue, the federal government has established a policy to migrate to other more environmentally friendly chemicals.
In May of this year, Viridiana Lázaro, a specialist in Agriculture and Climate Change at Greenpeace Mexico, reported that a judge denied the definitive suspension of the National Agricultural Council (CNA) to be able to import glyphosate and genetically modified corn.