The UN secretary general warns that the violence in Colombia prevents the consolidation of peace

The UN Secretary General, António Guterres, has displayed their concern with the Government of Colombia because the persistent levels of violence in various departments of that country are preventing the consolidation of the peace process.

This Thursday, the Office in Colombia of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights reported that, in 2021, at least 78 human rights activists were murdered in the South American nation, most of them in the department of Valle del Cauca. This figure refers only to verified violent deaths, and in total they were recorded 202 homicide allegations of human rights defenders, cases that are in the process of verification or that are not conclusive.

Arauca is another of the most affected departments due to violence against the civilian population and forced displacement, caused by illegal armed groups and Criminal organizations. In that territory, the Ombudsman’s Office is monitoring the situation.

Tension and fear in the population

“We have witnessed great tension in the communities and fear that the actions of the irregular armed groups may generate more deaths, in addition to the 33 homicides registered by the authorities in the last two weeks, which continue to cause progressive forced displacement, “said the Ombudsman, Carlos Camargo, who attributes the situation to the actions of the National Liberation Army (ELN) and FARC dissidents.

The Ombudsman’s Office warns that among the displaced are 33 former combatants or signatories of the peace agreement, while about 170 families have been forced to leave their homes.

“We have been suffering a critical situation On the part of the Colombian State, the ELN and the FARC, we have been displaced by the repression we have, “denounced Yamileth Cárdenas, social leader and victim of displacement. Cárdenas comments that for the Arauca communities “it is not so much the need” that the Government send Army troops, but rather provide the necessary guarantees to be able to live in their respective towns.

In the last report of the UN Verification Mission in Colombia indicates that, since the signing of the Peace Agreement in 2016, they have been 303 former combatants killed, including 10 women. Likewise, the forced displacement of about 72,600 people and another 65,200 were forcibly confined. In addition, more than 50 massacres were documented, leaving 222 victims.